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|Title: ||National Adaptation Programme of Action on Climate Change - 2008 - 2012|
|Authors: ||PNUD, INMG|
|Issue date: ||Dec-2007|
|Publisher: ||PNUD - INMG|
|Abstract: ||The archipelago of Cape Verde is made up of ten islands and nine islets and is located between latitudes 14º
28' N and 17º 12' N and longitudes 22º 40' W and 25º 22' W. It is located approximately 500 km from the
Senegal coast in West Africa (Figure 1).
The islands are divided into two
groups: Windward and Leeward.
The Windward group is composed
of the islands of Santo Antão, São
Vicente, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau,
Sal and Boavista; and the Leeward
group is composed of the islands
Maio, Santiago, Fogo and Brava.
The archipelago has a total land
surface of 4,033 km2 and an
Economic Exclusive Zone (ZEE)
that extends for approximately
In general, the relief is very steep,
culminating with high elevations
(e.g. 2,829 m on Fogo and 1,979
m on Santo Antão). The surface area, geophysical configuration and geology vary greatly from one island to
the next. Cape Verde, due to its geomorphology, has a dense and complex hydrographical network.
However, there are no permanent water courses and temporary water courses run only during the rainy
season. These temporary water courses drain quickly towards the main watersheds, where, unless captured
by artificial means, continue rapidly to lower areas and to the sea. This applies equally to the flatter islands.
The largest watershed is Rabil with an area of 199.2 km2. The watershed areas on other islands extend over
less than 70 km2.
Cape Verde is both a least developed country (LDC) and a small island development state (SIDS). In 2002,
the population of Cape Verde was estimated at approximately 451,000, of whom 52% were women and 48%
men. The population was growing at an average 2.4% per year, and the urban population was estimated at
Over the past 15 years, the Government has implemented a successful development strategy, leading to a
sustained economic growth anchored on development of the private sector and the integration of Cape Verde
into the world economy. During this period, the tertiary sector has become increasingly important, with
strong growth in the tourism, transport, banking and trade sectors. Overall, the quality of life indicators show
substantial improvements in almost all areas: housing conditions, access to drinking water and sanitation, use
of modern energy in both lighting and cooking, access to health services and education.
Despite these overall socio-economic successes, the primary sector has witnessed limited progress. Weak
performance in the primary sector has had a severe negative impact on the incomes and poverty risks faced
by rural workers1. Moreover, relative poverty has increased significantly during the past decade. The poverty
profile shows that: (i) extreme poverty is mostly found in rural areas, although it has also increased in urban areas; (ii) poverty is more likely to occur when the head of the household is a woman; (iii) poverty increases
with family size; (iv) education significantly affects poverty; (v) the predominantly agricultural islands of
Santo Antão and Fogo have the highest poverty rates; (vi) unemployment affects the poor more than the nonpoor;
(vii) agriculture and fisheries workers are more likely to be poor than those in other sectors. Therefore,
the fight against poverty and income inequalities remains one of the greatest challenges for Cape Verde
The various governments of Cape Verde over the last decade have demonstrated a commitment to improving
governance, notably by encouraging a democratic culture that guarantees stability and democratic changes
without conflicts. This democratic governance offers a space for a wider participation of citizens in public
management and consolidates social cohesion. However, there are some remaining challenges related to
democratic governance and the gains must be systematically monitored. Finally, it is worth emphasizing that
the country’s insularity has stimulated a movement to decentralized governance, although social inequalities
and contrasts from one island to the next constitute, at the same time, challenges and opportunities.|
|Appears in Collections:||CNIDA - Documentos INIDA|
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