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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10961/4183

Title: Relationships of Scincid Lizards (Mabuya spp; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Cape Verde Islands Based on Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences
Keywords: Mabuya
Cape Verde
Cytochrome b
Issue date: May-2001
Publisher: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Abstract: Partial DNA sequences from two mitochondrial (mt) and one nuclear gene (cytochrome b, 12S rRNA, and C-mos) were used to estimate the phylogenetic relationships among the six extant species of skinks endemic to the Cape Verde Archipelago. The species form a monophyletic unit, indicating a single colonization of the islands, probably from West Africa. Mabuya vaillanti and M. delalandii are sister taxa, as indicated by morphological characters. Mabuya fogoensis and M. stangeri are closely related, but the former is probably paraphyletic. Mabuya spinalis and M. salensis are also probably paraphyletic. Within species, samples from separate islands always form monophyletic groups. Some colonization events can be hypothesized, which are in line with the age of the islands. C-mos variation is concordant with the topology derived from mtDNA.
Description: Studies of among-island variation have been fundamental in evolutionary theory. Nonvolant tetrapod groups, such as lizards, have become model organisms for the study of colonization and dispersal patterns, especially in the mid-Atlantic islands which have wellknown geological histories (e.g., Thorpe et al., 1994; Brown and Pestano, 1998; Carranza et al., 2000). Initial colonization of these archipelagos has often been followed by invasion of nearby islands and rapid speciation (Carranza et al., 2000). Reconstruction of such events can be assessed with DNA sequence data. Given the limited range of these island endemic species and that island populations have a higher risk of extinction (Frankham, 1997), assessment of variation is also critical for conservation efforts.
URI: http://bdigital.cv.unipiaget.org:8080/jspui/handle/10964/94
Appears in Collections:UJP - Biblioteca Digital da Universidade Jean Piaget

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