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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10961/4193

Title: Phylogeography of Mabuya maculilabris (Reptilia) from São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea) inferred from mtDNA sequences
Keywords: mtDNA sequences
São Tomé
Issue date: 2005
Publisher: University of Madeira, Campus of Penteada
Abstract: The pattern of genetic variation of the lizard Mabuya maculilabris from São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea) was investigated using a combination of three mitochondrial DNA gene fragments. Forty-eight haplotypes were recovered among 66 individuals covering the whole island. The genealogy inferred from the most parsimonious network of haplotypes allows us to detect two main and long branches departing from the putative group of oldest haplotypes. The tips of these branches exhibit star-like phylogenies, which may indicate of recently expanded populations, most probably from a small number of founders. A nested clade analysis suggests a complex pattern of past events that gave rise to the extant geographical pattern found in the haplotype distribution: past and allopatric fragmentation, range expansion, restricted gene Xow and long-distance dispersal. These results are consistent with the complex geological history of the island where important volcanic activity with extensive lava Xows has occurred during several periods. Mismatch- distribution analysis and AMOVA also support these conclusions. Substantial genetic structuring among these lizards was detected as well as high levels of diVerentiation between the southern edge populations (particularly those from the Rolas Islet) and the remaining ones. However, variation is low relative to the geological age of the island. Our results indicate that patterns of variation observed in reptiles in other oceanic islands are not indicative of those observed in the islands of the Gulf of Guinea.
Description: The genus Mabuya (sensu Greer, 1977) is the only lizard genus with a circumtropical distribution. More than 100 species are known from Asia, Africa and the Neotropics (Greer et al., 2000). Some species are also very widespread; for example, Mabuya maculilabris has been reported from São Tomé and Príncipe Islands in the Gulf of Guinea (Bocage, 1903; Bocage, 1904–05), from across Central Africa, and on islands in the Indian Ocean (e.g., Zanzibar and the Comores). Based on mtDNA sequence data, a recent review of taxa from São Tomé and Príncipe islands showed that populations from Príncipe are well diVerentiated from those of São Tomé, probably constituting a distinct taxon (Jesus et al., 2005a), and that both are well diVerentiated from continental M. maculilabris. However, pending taxonomic reform, we continue to refer to the species as “M. maculilabris.”
URI: http://bdigital.cv.unipiaget.org:8080/jspui/handle/10964/107
Appears in Collections:UJP - Biblioteca Digital da Universidade Jean Piaget

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